March Madness is a single-elimination tournament played each spring in the United States that features 68 college basketball teams from the Division I level of the NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association), to determine the national championship. The tournament was created in 1939 by the National Association of Basketball Coaches, and was the idea of Ohio State University coach Harold Olsen. Played mostly during March, it has become one of the most famous annual sporting events in the United States.
The tournament teams include champions from 32 Division I conferences (which receive automatic bids), and 36 teams which are awarded at-large berths. These “at-large” teams are chosen by an NCAA selection committee, then announced in a nationally televised event on the Sunday preceding the “First Four” play-in games, currently held in Dayton, Ohio, and dubbed Selection Sunday. The 68 teams are divided into four regions and organized into a single-elimination “bracket”, which pre-determines, when a team wins a game, which team it will face next. Each team is “seeded”, or ranked, within its region from 1 to 16. After the First Four, the tournament occurs during the course of three weekends, at pre-selected neutral sites across the United States. Teams, seeded by rank, proceed through a single-game elimination bracket beginning with a “first four” consisting of 8 low-seeded teams playing in 4 games for a position in the first round the Tuesday and Wednesday before the first round begins, a first round consisting of 64 teams playing in 32 games over the course of a week, the “Sweet Sixteen” and “Elite Eight” rounds the next week and weekend, respectively, and – for the last weekend of the tournament – the “Final Four” round. The Final Four is usually played during the first weekend of April. These four teams, one from each region (East, South, Midwest, and West), compete in a pre-selected location for the national championship.
The Fountaindale Public Library is proud to present this month’s lobby tree display in celebration of March Madness with a plethora of books to choose from as well as a smattering of DVDs and CDs that take a look at all aspects of this popular sporting event.
Here is a sampling of some of the titles that await you:
- Great Teams in College Basketball History by Luke DeCock
- Last Dance: Behind The Scenes at The Final Four by John Feinstein
- The Legends Club: Dean Smith, Mike Krzyzewski, Jim Valvano, and an Epic College Basketball Rivalry by John Feinstein
- NCAA Basketball Championship by Annalise Bekkering
- When March Went Mad: The Game That Transformed Basketball by Seth Davis
…And, it’s all conveniently located for you on the 1st Floor, right when you first walk in!
So, come on in and celebrate this famous and popular annual sporting event.